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The Stafford Lacrosse Association (SLA) Operations Manual is a supplement to the current version of the SLA Bylaws.  It provides additional details on the operation of SLA and its Programs. This Operations Manual is not intended to be comprehensive or to address all possible applications rather, SLA reserves the right to interpret and administer the policies and procedures set forth in this Operations Manual in its sole discretion for the betterment of the Association. If you have questions concerning the applicability of a certain policy or procedure to you, you should address your questions to the Board of Directors.

 

  1. POLICY
    1. Mission - To provide the youth of Stafford County the opportunity to learn and play lacrosse at a level commensurate with each individual’s ability, while enjoying the benefits of being a part of a team.
    2. Purpose – To establish the rules and procedures that govern how SLA programs will be offered, managed and operated.
    3. SLA exists to provide the youth residing within the geographical boundaries of Stafford County, Quantico Marine Base and the City of Fredericksburg enjoyable activity and as a corollary to develop qualities that may help them in later life: sportsmanship, team play, and integrity.
    4. Any areas or issues not covered by these operating rules or league rules will be addressed by the SLA Board of Directors (BoD).

 

  1. GENERAL
    1. SLA is a community based recreational program that currently provides “in-house” programs (U9, GK/2) and competitive league play at all skill levels therefore all registered players will be assigned to a team commensurate with their assessed skill levels; there are no tryouts or cuts.
    2. Each player on each team will have an opportunity to play in each and every game.  Each player shall participate in every game a minimum of 25%.
    3. Registration will be opened at the discretion of the BoD.  The BoD will also establish a late registration date where an additional fee may be levied.
    4. Insurance – each player is provided supplementary coverage through their payment of registration fees. Coaches’ liability is covered through our Directors & Officers coverage as long as they are acting in accordance with these rules at a SLA sanctioned event.
    5. SLA recommends that players receive a physical examination within three months of the start of the season. No player shall be allowed to participate in a SLA event if a physician recommends non-play. It is the responsibility of parents and coaches (during practice & games) to monitor the health of individual players on a continuing basis (see 1.2.10 concussion management).
    6. There will be no use of tobacco or alcohol products at any SLA practice or game site by anyone to include team building tailgate like parties. Playing fields are drug and alcohol free zones.
    7. SLA has established a concussion awareness program that must be followed by all participants.  The elements of the program are provided below. The program information is found in Appendix 2 and will be published on the SLA website.
      1. Each coach will attend or review the SLA Concussion Prevention Policy brief prior to the start of each season.
      2. Each coach must complete the Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports on-line training course available on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) prior to the start of each season.

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/headsup/online_training.html

 

  1. Distribute a Heads-Up Parent Fact Sheet to the parents of players prior to the start of each season. This can be distributed electronically or in hard copy.  http://www,cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/youth.html.
  2. Coaches and Parents will sign the Concussion awareness form (see Appendix 2).
  3. All Coaches must read, understand, and sign the "CODE OF CONDUCT" form (see Appendix 1) and any league mandated form.

 

  1. FEES
    1. As noted in the SLA By-Laws, the BoD will strive to set fees as low as possible to ensure availability to play for as many families as possible.  The fee shall be set to cover the costs of operation and fielding of teams and for BoD approved projects.
    2. Fees may be paid at the time of registration with a credit card or the member may choose to pay by check, however all fees must be paid no later than March 1st for the spring programs.  Fee due dates for other events shall be determined by the BoD.  A member with an outstanding fee after March 1st will not be allowed to participate in club events until the fee balance is settled.  This is an insurance liability issue as SLA pays an insurance fee for each player.
    3. Administrative Fee – a member who cancels a registration after March 1st for a spring program may be assessed an Administration Fee as set by the BoD.
    4. Families registering 2 or more participants in any combination of programs will receive a discount for the second and subsequent players as set by the BoD. 
    5. Refunds may be granted in accordance with the following schedule:

 

Before Assessments Start

Full Refund

After Assessments Start

Registration Fee – Admin Fee

After March 1st

50%

After Team Practices Start

25%

After 1st Game

No Refund

 

Requests for a refund/account credit because of an injury occurring before the first game of the season should be sent to the Program Director and must be accompanied by an injury report or a doctor’s note.

 

  1. TEAMS

 

  1. Assessments will be held to determine the number of teams that will be fielded at each competitive level.  Further assessments will determine the assignment of each player to a team.  In the case of U9/GK2 teams will be evenly matched by the coaches conducing a draft of assessed players.
  2. Previously unregistered new players may be added to rosters up to the second game of the season in accordance with league policy.

 

  1. COACHES

 

  1. All coaches must complete the US Lacrosse Coaches Education Program – Level One Course (either online or at a certified clinic) to qualify them in the rules of the game, coaching fundamental techniques, player safety, care of injuries, and leadership of children and young people.
  2. It is a goal of SLA to have all coaches complete US Lacrosse Certification (for more information on certification see http://www.uslacrosse.org/cep/certification.phtml.) In order to attain that goal, SLA will work with the league and the Potomac Chapter of US Lacrosse, to provide the following assistance to coaches interested in achieving US Lacrosse Certification:
    1. Pay for or reimburse coaches for taking the US Lacrosse coaches certification instructional field clinics;
    2. Pay for or reimburse coaches for taking the US Lacrosse online certification course (Level One is free);
    3. Provide free opportunities for coaches to attend Positive Coaches Alliance clinic; and
    4. Reimburse coaches for the fees associated with applying for initial US Lacrosse certification (does not include re-certification).

Coaching materials such as books, DVDs, or US Lacrosse membership itself are not eligible for reimbursement under this article. The only costs that will be reimbursed will be course fees for Level 1, 2 or 3 certification and the cost of the background check.

  1. All coaches must complete a background check in the first year and every two years thereafter.
  2. No Head Coach, Assistant Coach, or any other club official shall recruit or otherwise solicit players from another lacrosse club.

 

  1. PLAYERS

 

  1. Players who reside in Stafford County, Quantico Marine Base and the Fredericksburg area are eligible for participation in SLA.
  2. All players must participate in the appropriate age bracket based on their birth month and year. No waiver requests to ‘play up’ will be granted on skill or ability; in unique cases of age/grade combination a waiver to play up may be considered.  No player will be allowed to play down an age group.

 

  1. PRACTICES

 

  1. Practices shall be conducted only at facilities scheduled by SLA for SLA events.  No team is to practice at private facilities, parking lots or other public areas.  Practices that take place at facilities not approved by SLA are not covered by SLA’s insurance plan.
  2. Practices shall not exceed one two-hour period per day excluding team travel time. No more than four team events (practices and games) per week for each team.
  3. Each team must have its own First Aid Kit at all practices and games.

 

  1. GAMES

 

  1. Games will be scheduled, officiated, postponed and canceled within the rules of the league within which SLA is affiliated.
  2. All SLA games will be overseen by a Field Commissioner. The Field Commissioner shall be responsible for: (1) enforcing the rules regulations and Bylaws; (2) maintaining orderly conduct of all participants, coaches and fans; and (3) provide a report to the appropriate Commissioner in the event of any severe misconduct or incident which results in ejection.
  3. A SLA team shall not change its roster for any league game.
  4. A maximum of four coaches will be permitted in the designated coaching area.  A coach is defined as an individual who has signed the Coaches Code of Conduct (Appendix #1), undergone a background check and completed the Concussion Awareness program. Only players and coaches are permitted in the coaching and team area.
  5. Coaches must be easily recognizable by appropriate wearing apparel, such as a cap, sweatshirt, or jacket identifying them with their organization and/or team.
  6. Commissioners, Field Commissioners and Timers are permitted in the table area and are NOT permitted to coach, root, cheer, etc., for either team.
  7. National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) Rules for Boys shall apply to all scheduled league games unless amended by US Lacrosse Youth Council (USLYC). US Lacrosse rules as approved shall apply for the girl’s program.

 

  1. CONDUCT

 

  1. If at any time the BoD finds the conduct of any player or member of the coaching staff to be detrimental and contrary to the best interest of his program or in violation of the signed code of conduct, such individual may be suspended by the BoD by a majority vote, from further participation for whatever period of time may be deemed reasonable and proper.
  2. Each commissioner should investigate any detrimental conduct by any player or member of the coaching staff of his/her local club.
  3. All investigations of detrimental conduct, and penalties imposed shall be reported in writing within 48 hours of the incident.
  4. Any member of the coaching staff who is involved in a fight before or after any game or is ejected from a game for fighting will be suspended form further participation with SLA.

 

  1. SAFETY
    1. If at any time the BoD finds the conduct of any player or member of the coaching staff to be detrimental and contrary to the best interest of his program or in violation of the signed code of conduct, such individual may be suspended by the BoD by a majority vote, from further participation for whatever period of time may be deemed reasonable and proper.
    2. All injuries, disciplinary incidents, (red or yellow cards, parent/spectator sent off the field, lack of roster during roster check etc.), referee discrepancies, field discrepancies, or other unusual occurrences should be reported as soon as possible to SLA, and the appropriate League (if applicable). Procedures for reporting incidents to SLA are contained below.

 

  1. FINANCIAL AID
    1. SLA will attempt to provide assistance to families that request it in the form of financial aid or offset the cost of equipment.
    2. Financial Aid applications will be reviewed by the appropriate Commissioner
    3. Aid will be granted in amounts of 50%, 100%, a payment plan or assistance with equipment.

 

  1. MODIFICATIONS

 

Player Equipment - Players are to conform to NFHS and US Lacrosse Youth Rules equipment requirements including NOCSAE- approved helmets, but for SLA there are no restrictions on color, markings, or decals, nor are players required to field matching equipment.

Sportsmanship and Conduct - Sportsmanship is paramount during all SLA play. Code of Conduct shall be adhered to and enforced fully by the game officials and Field Commissioner. Game and field conduct is the responsibility of the Home team, Game officials and Field Commissioner.

Non-Discrimination – SLA is committed to an environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and dignity. Each individual has the right to enjoy the programs and services provided by SLA in an atmosphere free of bias, prejudice and harassment. SLA does not tolerate acts of discrimination based upon race, color, national origin, sex, pregnancy, religion, disability, age, veteran status, or any other factor protected by applicable law. This anti-discrimination policy applies to all aspects of the programs and services provided by SLA. All persons are encouraged to promptly report any incident of discrimination and/or harassment to the appropriate Commissioner or any member of the Board of Directors. SLA will promptly, thoroughly, and impartially investigate all complaints of discrimination and/or harassment. SLA will keep all discrimination and/or harassment complaints confidential to the extent possible and consistent with adequate investigation and appropriate corrective action. If it is determined that prohibited discrimination or harassment occurred, SLA will take appropriate action, including disciplinary action against an employee, volunteer, or member, calculated to see that the discrimination or harassment ends.

 

APPENDIX #1 -- SLA CODE OF CONDUCT

 

  1. Policy Statement

 

The Stafford Lacrosse Association is committed to the exhibition of sportsmanship and ethical behaviors in and around all athletic contests played under its sanction. All contests must be safe, fair, controlled and orderly for all athletes, officials, and fans alike.

It is the intent of the SLA that unsportsmanlike behavior and violence in any form is not to be tolerated in athletic contests or practices under the jurisdiction of the SLA. In order to enforce this policy, the SLA has implemented regulations in cooperation with appropriate coaches and club commissioners, who set forth the manner of implementation and enforcement of this policy, and the penalties incurred when violations of this policy occur. The rules and regulations shall focus upon the responsibility of coaches, players and parents to demand high standards of conduct and to enforce personally the rules and regulations set forth by the SLA.

The SLA requires that the following code of conduct be issued to and signed by each head coach, assistant coach, player and parent, each season, as a guide to govern his or her behavior. The penalty for failing to sign a copy of this policy will be to restrict the coach, player or parent from participating in SLA program activities.

  1. Code of Conduct

Coaches, players, parents, officials and spectators are to conduct themselves in a manner that “Honors the Game” and demonstrates respect to other players, coaches, officials, parents and fans. In becoming a member of the lacrosse community, an individual assumes certain obligations and responsibilities to the game of lacrosse and its participants. The essential elements in this “Code of Conduct”

are HONESTY and INTEGRITY. Those who conduct themselves in a manner that reflects these elements will bring credit to the sport of lacrosse, themselves, their team and their organization.  It is only through such conduct that our sport can continue to earn and maintain a positive image and make its full contribution to amateur sports in the United States and around the world. The SLA supports the following behaviors for those who participate in the sport or are involved in any way with the SLA. The following essential elements of the “Code of Conduct” must be followed:

  • Sportsmanship and teaching the concepts of fair play are essential to the game and must be taught at all levels and developed both at home and on the field during practices and games.
  • The value of good sportsmanship, concepts of fair play, and the skills of the game should always be placed above winning.
  • The safety and welfare of the players are of primary importance.
  • Coaches must always be aware of the tremendous influence they have on their players. They are to strive to be positive role models in dealing with young people, as well as adults.
  • Coaches should always demonstrate positive behaviors and reinforce them to players, parents, officials and spectators alike. Players should be specifically encouraged and positively reinforced by coaches to demonstrate respect for teammates, opponents, officials and spectators.
  • Players should always demonstrate positive behavior and respect toward coaches, officials, opponents, teammates, parents and spectators.
  • Coaches, players, parents and spectators are expected to demonstrate the utmost respect for officials and reinforce that respect to players/teammates. Coaches are also expected to educate their players as to the important role of lacrosse officials and reinforce the ideal of respect for the official to players/teammates/parents.
  • Grievances or misunderstandings between coaches, officials or any other parties involved with the sport should be communicated through the proper channels and procedures, never on or about the field of play in view of spectators or participants.
  • Officials are professionals and are therefore expected to conduct themselves as such and in a manner that demonstrates total impartiality, courtesy and fairness to all parties.
  • Spectators involved with the game must never permit anyone to openly or maliciously criticize badger, harass or threaten an official, coach, player or opponent.
  • Coaches must be able to demonstrate a solid knowledge of the rules of lacrosse, and should adhere to the rules in both the letter and the spirit of the game.
  • Coaches should provide a basic knowledge of the rules to players, parents and spectators within his/her program. Attempts to manipulate rules in an effort to take unfair advantage of an opponent, or to teach deliberate unsportsmanlike conduct, is considered unacceptable conduct.
  • Eligibility requirements, at all levels of the game, must be followed. Rules and requirements such as age, previous level of participation, team transfers, etc., have been established to encourage and maximize participation, fair play and to promote safety.

 

I have read and understood the Policy Statement and Code of Conduct, and the violations and penalties of the "Code of Conduct Policy". I have also read and understood the rules and regulations of the SLA, specifically Section 1.7 "Conduct" and Section 1.10 "Penalties".

I agree to abide by the policy while participating in SLA athletics regardless of contest site or jurisdiction.

Player Name:                            Telephone:                                         

Player Signature:                       Date:                                                        

Parent Name:                            Telephone:                                             

Parent Signature:                       Date:                                                        

Youth Program:                          Email:

Team:                                                                                                                                   

Signature:                                  Date:                                                        

 

 

APPENDIX #2 – CONCUSSION AWARNESS PROGRAM

 

  1. Purpose. SLA’s primary goal is player safety. SLA recognizes and is dedicated to educating its members about the serious risks posed to athletes from traumatic brain injuries such as concussions. In order to promote player safety and recognition of concussion symptoms, SLA has adopted the following Concussion Policy.
  2. Basic Concussion Information.

a. What is a Concussion? Concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury, is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth—causing the brain to bounce around or twist within the skull. This sudden movement of the brain can cause stretching and tearing of brain cells, damaging the cells and creating chemical changes in the brain.

b. Concussion Prevention. To minimize risk of concussions:

    i. Players must follow the laws of the games and all rules for safety.

    ii.Boys must use NOCSAE certified helmets, though no such equipment exists which is “concussion-proof”.

c. Symptoms of Concussions:

    i. Parents or coaches may observe the following common symptoms associated with concussions:

        • Appears to be dazed or stunned

        • Is confused about assignment

        • Forgets plays

        • Is unsure of game, score, or opponent

        • Moves clumsily

        • Answers questions slowly

        • Loses consciousness (even temporarily)

        • Shows behavior or personality change

        • Forgets events prior to hit (retrograde amnesia)

        • Forgets events after hit (anterograde amnesia)

    ii. Players may report the following symptoms:

        • Headache

        • Nausea

        • Balance problems or dizziness

        • Double or fuzzy vision

        • Sensitivity to light or noise

        • Feeling sluggish

        • Feeling "foggy"

        • Change in sleep pattern

        • Concentration or memory problems

    iii. Severe Concussion Danger Signs

        • One pupil larger than the other

        • Is drowsy or cannot be awakened

        • A headache that gets worse

        • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination

        • Repeated vomiting or nausea

        • Slurred speech

        • Convulsions or seizures

        • Cannot recognize people or places

        • Becomes increasingly confused, restless, or agitated

        • Has unusual behavior

        • Loses consciousness (even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken        seriously)

d. Diagnosis and Treatment - Upon occurrence of a suspected concussion, the player should be removed from play and precluded from further participation in the current game. Any player suspected of suffering a concussion should be evaluated by a qualified medical professional within 72 hours of the concussion and follow the professional advice given by the attending doctor or physician. If diagnosed with a concussion, players should follow the Return to Play Guidelines set forth below.

III. Coaching Education and Certification of Concussion Awareness.

Before the spring season all coaches will participate in the SLA Concussion Awareness brief

  1. At least once annually, all coaches shall participate in concussion awareness certification. SLA currently requires all coaches participate in the CDC’s “Head’s Up” online training and certification program, available at www.cdc.gov/concussion.
  2. Coaches shall be required to submit a certification of successful completion of the concussion awareness program to their respective Commissioner.

IV. If a coach suspects an athlete has suffered a concussion, the coach shall remove the player from play and notify the player’s parents as soon as possible following the game. The coach shall not allow the player to participate further until adequate authorization has been provided by a qualified medical professional.

Parent and Athlete Awareness.

a. Players are encouraged to obtain baseline concussion testing at least every other year from junior high through high school.

b. At least once per year, parents and players shall acknowledge receipt and understanding of current concussion related materials to be provided by the club as part of the registration process. These materials shall also be available online via the club’s website and in the office. Players who have not returned completed acknowledgments will not be allowed to participate in league activities.

 

V. Return to Play Guidelines

a. Prior to returning to play, players having suffered a concussion must present clearance from a qualified medical professional.

b. Following diagnosis of a concussion, players should complete the following recovery program. Each step must be successfully completed at least one full day prior to advancing to the subsequent step.

i. Step 1. No activity. Physical and mental exercise should be limited to promote recovery.

ii. Step 2. Light aerobic exercise. Heart rate may be elevated with non-contact, low- to moderate-intensity running, walking, biking, or weight lifting.

iii. Step 3. Sport-specific exercise. Player may engage in sport specific, non-contact play including high intensity sprinting or biking, regular weight lifting routine and other non-contact activities.

iv. Step 4. Return to Practice. Player may participate in full contact, controlled practice setting.

v. Step 5. Return to Play. Player may engage in full competition.

 

VI. Administration

 Players and parents should read the club’s current Concussion Policy and Fact Sheets which can be found on the SLA website. After reading these fact sheets, parents and players must sign to acknowledge receipt of this concussion information and understanding of the risks of concussions associated with the sport and return the sheet to the head coach.

 

APPENDIX #3 -- HEAT GUIDELINES

 

Heat-Related Injuries ~ Prevention and Treatment

One of the biggest concerns for summer lacrosse players is preventing heat injuries. Heat related injuries, such as heat exhaustion or heat stroke are emergency conditions that need immediate treatment and medical care. However, such incidents can be prevented with a few simple steps, which are described in this article to keep coaches, players and officials in the game.

 

What are Heat-related Injuries?

Normally, bodies produce a tremendous amount of internal heat, which is cooled by sweating and expelling heat through the skin. When there is extreme heat, high humidity or vigorous activity in the hot sun, this cooling system may begin to fail, and allow heat to build up to dangerous levels. Heat injuries manifest themselves in a number of forms, from mild symptoms to life-threatening conditions.

 

Heat Cramps: Heat cramps are muscle contractions, usually occurring in the calf or hamstring muscles. These contractions are forceful and painful. They are typically related to heat, dehydration, and poor conditioning. Treatment for cramps is simple: rest; drink water; and, a cool environment.

 

Heat Exhaustion: Heat exhaustion stems from excessive heat and dehydration. Its symptoms can be detected in the appearance and activities of players during practice or a game. The range of symptoms includes nausea, dizziness, weakness, headache, heavy perspiration, normal or low body temperature, weak pulse, dilated pupils, disorientation, and fainting spells. Treat heat exhaustion by getting the person to a cool or shady environment, drinking liquids and applying cool water or ice to the body. Most people respond to these treatments, but prompt attention is necessary in order to prevent the condition from progressing to heat stroke. More severely heat- exhausted patients may need IV fluids, especially if vomiting keeps them from drinking enough.

 

Heat Stroke: Heat stroke, the most serious form of all heat-related conditions, is a life-threatening medical emergency. A person with heat stroke usually has a very high temperature (over 104 degrees) and along with the other symptoms above, may be delirious, unconscious or having seizures. These patients need to reduce their temperature quickly and must also be given IV fluids for re-hydration. Take them to a hospital as quickly as possible – although cooling treatments need to be started immediately and continue until emergency medical personnel can take over. In addition to applying ice, another effective form of cooling in this case is “evaporative cooling” where the person is sponged or misted with cool water, and fans are used to circulate the air around the person to encourage rapid evaporation.

 

Lacrosse Players Are Vulnerable

Because lacrosse is a warm-weather running sport, lacrosse participants are at risk for heat illnesses. Coaches can take a number of steps to prevent heat-related injuries among their players:

 

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Environmental Factors: Ambient air temperature and humidity have a direct effect on the ability for a body to cool itself through the evaporation of sweat. When the air temperature is above 90, and/or the relative humidity is high, the body is at a higher risk to not effectively stay cool, which may be compounded by the level of dehydration of the body’s fluids.

The following chart is a simple method to determine the amount of increased risk with variations of heat and humidity, and subsequent suggestions to modify participation in physical activities.

 

The chart below can be used by inputting the temperature and humidity available via local radio stations, Internet locations, or local field measurements. Simply cross-reference the relative humidity with the temperature to determine the apparent temperature. SLA member clubs practice in the evening and the ambient conditions progressively improve as we move into the evening, however, reasonable cautions need to be implemented as the conditions warrant. At a minimum, commissioners should implement the following guidelines as outlined below when a particular field condition exists.

 

APPARENT TEMPRATURE CHART

http://www.weather.gov/om/heat/index.shtml

 

 APPARENT TEMPERATURE -- SLA RECOMMENDATIONS

 

105º and up:               Recommend no outside activities. At a minimum, individual clubs must implement heat injury risk mitigation measures.

 

95º to 104º:                Recommend no equipment except helmets be used during practice. For games, additional non-chargeable time-outs should be called by the officials to allow for additional hydration opportunities. Shade should be made available for players if possible.

 

90º to 94º:                  Recommend equipment (helmet at a minimum) be removed as often as possible (during rest breaks, on sideline, etc.). Careful monitor all athletes for signs of heat problems.

 

Below 89º:                  Recommend adequate water supply at all practices and games with breaks every 20 to 30 minutes for re-hydration.

 

EXCESSIVE HEAT DURING GAMES

Water breaks of no greater than 1:30 minutes in length will be incorporated into each game if, in the opinion of attending medical personnel, referees and/or the Field Commissioner, they become necessary. In women’s play, those breaks will be taken as close to the mid-point of each half as possible after a goal or during a dead ball situation. In men’s play, those breaks will be taken as close to the mid-point of each quarter as possible after a goal or during a dead ball situation.

 

National Athletic Trainers Association’s Recommendations on Fluid Replacement:

  • Educate athletes on the effects of dehydration on physical performance.
  • Inform athletes on how to monitor hydration status.
  • Convince athletes to participate in their own hydration protocols based on sweat rate, drinking preferences, and personal responses to different fluid quantities.
  • Encourage coaches to mandate re-hydration during practices and competitions, just as they require other drills and conditioning activities.
  • Have a scale accessible to assist athletes in monitoring weight before, during, and after activity.
  • Provide the optimal oral re-hydration solution (water, CHOs, electrolytes) before, during, and after exercise.
  • Implement the hydration protocol during all practices and games, and adapt it as needed.
  • Finally, encourage event scheduling and rule modifications to minimize the risks associated with exercise in the heat.

 

Journal of Athletic Training Vol. 35 N2, June 2000 Full text can be found on NATA’s website: www.nata.org

 

Acclimatization to Heat:

Another way to help prevent heat stress is to become acclimatized to the weather. Acclimatization means becoming adapted to the weather or climate. The process takes 7 to 12 days. Studies have shown adolescents take longer to acclimatize to heat than adults. As a result of acclimatization, the sweating mechanism of a person is enhanced:

 

  • onset of perspiration occurs earlier
  • perspiration increases
  • increase in blood volume with the more training an individual does
  • improves supply of oxygen to the muscles
  • heart rate decreases
  • core body temperature does not rise as high during exercise

 

Other facts about heat illnesses and exercising in the heat:

 

  • Dehydration of 1% to 2% of body weight begins to impact athletic performance
  • Dehydration greater than 3% of body weight may increase an athlete’s risk of heat illness.
  • Sports drinks should contain less than 8% carbohydrate. Carbohydrate content greater than 8% compromises the rate of gastric emptying and should be avoided.
  • Wear light weight and light colored clothing
  • Avoid wearing articles that prevent water absorption

 

  • Early morning commonly produces a humid environment and lower temperatures. Usually, as the sun rises, the temperature will increase and the humidity decreases. As the evening hours’ approach, the temperature decreases and the humidity will rise. Often, the most critical times to monitor athlete’s ability to exercise in hot weather occurs when the temperature rises quickly during the early morning prior to the sun burning off the humidity, or during storms when the humidity remains high due to cloud cover, etc.
  • A mild breeze can reduce the humidity on a particular field, as well as improve the evaporative process.
  • Field watering after practice sessions are complete can help reduce the ambient humidity on or near an athletic field, thus reducing the heat stress on athletes.

 

EXTREME HOT AND HUMID WEATHER TIPS for ADJUSTING PRACTICES

 

Duration

2 hours

 

 

2 hours

 

 

2 hours

Attire

Full gear

 

 

Full gear

 

 

Full gear

Fluid Consumption

Insist that adequate

water be ingested Insist that adequate water be ingested

 

Insist that 4 – 6 oz

minimum water be ingested every 20 minutes

Recommendations

Never restrict water

consumption

Provide minimum of

  1. water breaks per

Provide minimum of

  1. water breaks per hour

2 hours, every 45 minutes of work

 

15 minutes of rest each hour

Remove helmets unless

active in drill

Insist that 8 – 10 oz water be ingested every

15 minutes

Remove helmet unless active in drill

2 hours, every 45

minutes of work

 

15 minutes of rest each hour

Protective

equipment removed for non-contact drills

Insist that 8 – 10 oz

water be ingested every

15 minutes

Removal of helmet

unless active in drill, removal of pads (ie: shoulder pads)

when teaching or non-contact portions of practice exceed

 

RECOMMENDATIONS:

 

Fluid replacement should be at a rate of 24 oz for every pound of body weight lost after exercise.

 

  • Light colored, loose clothing is suggested during activity in hot weather.
  • Athletes are encouraged to wear sunscreen on exposed skin during hot, sunny conditions.
  • Adequate fluid supply should be readily available at all times during activity in hot weather.
  • Individuals poorly acclimatized or poorly conditioned are at increased risk for heat related illness/injury and should be monitored closely or placed on a modified participation schedule.
  • Athletes having a pre-existing dehydrated state (recent fever or gastro-intestinal illness) or pre-existing heat injury are at a much higher risk for heat related illness/injury and should be monitored closely or placed on a   modified participation schedule.
  • Medications including diuretics, antihistamines, beta-blockers and anti-cholinergics increase the risk of heat   illness/injury.
  • Overweight athletes are at increased risk for heat illness/injury and should be monitored closely.
  • Energy, ergogenic, and dietary supplements such as Creatine may cause an increase in dehydration and heat   related illness and/or injury.
  • Providing shade on the sidelines is a way to allow players to more effectively cool off during time off the field.
  • Commissioners may allow extra support personnel to be present on the sidelines in order to better hydrate players and monitor their physical condition.

 

APPENDIX #4 INCLEMENT WEATHER

 

Since SLA uses Stafford County facilities the Association adheres to the Stafford County Inclement Weather Policy STAFFORD COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF PARKS, RECREATION AND COMMUNITY FACILITIES INCLEMENT WEATHER, THUNDER AND LIGHTNING GUIDELINES.

 

When inclement weather is forecast all staff on duty at any park or county facility should be observant of weather conditions. When severe weather that includes thunder or lightning is expected these general guidelines will be followed.

 

● Upon hearing thunder or seeing lightning the officials (umpires and referees) shall suspend the game and clear the field (coaches for a practice event.

● Officials/coaches shall direct participants and spectators to go to their vehicles or some other enclosed substantial structure. (Dugouts and picnic shelters are not suitable, safe structures during a lightning storm.)

● Persons will not be permitted to reenter the facilities until 30 minutes after the last time thunder was heard or lightning was seen.

● If staff is on site and inclement weather is likely, before games start staff shall confirm with the officials the department policy on thunder and lightning.